红木家具传承中华传统文化之哲学篇

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多年来,传承中华传统文化的红木家具,一直被许多业内人士看好,红木家具不仅人气、需求量都有大幅上涨,而且消费群体也渐趋年轻化

随着红木原材料稀缺程度加快,越来越多的年轻人也对其被赋予的传统文化越来越认同。

潘海英,泓文博雅艺术馆创始人和现任馆长。她1992年步入红木家具市场,于1997年创立红木家具品牌“友联红木”。从她进入红木家具市场领域后,便与传承传统文化结下了深厚之源。她认为红木艺术不仅彰显了中国美学的风采,还散发着中国哲学的光芒,

“天人合一”思想

优秀的红木家具设计师一定是对传统文化和哲学思想有着深刻感悟的,“天人合一”的哲学思想对红木家具设计理念影响深远。反映在红木家具制作上,就是惜材而用,对优质红木及其纹理的运用追求更佳,并且展现出木材质地坚硬、肌理优雅、色泽宜神的自然之美。如黄花梨,历来都以纹理清晰华美为贵,工匠在选料时,也会把较好看的花纹用在显眼的部位,以表达对大自然鬼斧神工的敬畏和赞美。

“气”的哲学

中国哲学是气的哲学,因此认为事物也如气息是流动而非静止的,万物均有生机和精神。红木家具的气韵主要通过用材、造型、线脚,以及雕刻、镶嵌、攒斗等工艺塑造,明式家具的十六“品”,如简练、淳朴、凝重、沉穆等,既是明式家具的独有气质,也早已成为人们鉴赏明式家具的重要准则。

“天圆地方”文化

红木文化中常提到的“天圆地方”,其实就是阴阳、五行学说的一种体现。以天圆地方为理念设计的红木家具,比例尺度严谨,线条方中有圆,圆中见方,糅合中庸之道体现出对称、平衡、稳定的美感,展现出流畅、大气之美。圈椅造型为上圆下方,外圆内方,暗合中国传统文化中的乾坤之说。乾为天为圆,坤为地为方。外圆内方则是中国传统文化中所崇尚的一种品德,虽在处事上有所圆滑,但却在内在上有所坚持。

“吉祥”寓意

传统的红木家具色彩厚重但不显沉闷,华美而不艳俗,但设计师们却在家具上雕饰了大量的吉祥图案,这些精美的图案不仅起到了很好的装饰点缀作用,而且为家具增添了几分祝福吉祥的寓意,满足了人们的精神需要。包括植物、器物、山水、神兽等,应用在背板、支架等小细节上,反映了人们对祥和、幸福生活的向往。衣橱上雕刻的喜鹊和梅花,寓意着“喜上眉梢”。牡丹纹、竹纹、祥云纹等在红木家具上的大量应用,也都有着吉祥的意味在里面。

博大精深的中国哲学赋予了红木家具与众不同的美感、品质,甚至在红木家具的功能、纹饰设计,摆放等方面也有深刻的影响,感兴趣的朋友可以到泓文博雅红木馆近距离的体会中国哲学的奥妙。



r small details, reflecting the people's yearning for a peacefMahogany furniture inherits the philosophy of Chinese traditional culture. Over the years, Mahogany furniture, which inherits Chinese traditional culture, has been favored by many people in the industry. Mahogany furniture has not only become popular, but its demand has increased dramatically, and consumer groups are also getting younger with the increasing scarcity of Mahogany raw materials, more and more young people are also given to the traditional culture more and more recognition. Pan Haiying is the founder and current curator of Hong Wen Museum of art. She entered the Mahogany furniture market in 1992 and founded the Mahogany furniture brand "Youlian Mahogany" in 1997. Since she entered the Mahogany furniture market, it has formed a deep source with the inheritance of traditional culture. She believes that Mahogany art not only shows the elegant demeanour of Chinese aesthetics, but also radiates the light of Chinese philosophy. The thought of "harmony between man and nature" , the excellent Mahogany furniture designers must have a deep understanding of traditional culture and philosophy, the philosophical thought of "harmony between man and nature" has a far-reaching influence on the design idea of Mahogany furniture. Reflected in the production of Mahogany furniture, is the use of wood, the use of high-quality Mahogany and its texture to pursue better, and show the wood texture hard, elegant texture, color and natural beauty of God. Such as Huanghua Pear, has always been a clear texture for the United States and the United States, the craftsman in the selection of materials, will also use a better pattern in the conspicuous parts, to express the awe and praise of natural craftsmanship. "Qi" philosophy, Chinese philosophy is the philosophy of Qi, so that things like the breath is flowing rather than static, all things have vitality and spirit. The spirit and charm of Mahogany furniture is mainly shaped through the use of materials, modeling, molding, molding, carving, inlaying and fighting, etc. . The sixteen "products" of ming-style furniture, such as simplicity, simplicity, solemnity and heaviness, are both unique qualities of ming-style furniture, has Long been an important criterion for people to appreciate ming-style furniture. The culture of "Tian Yuan di" , often referred to in the Mahogany culture as "Tian Yuan di" , is in fact an embodiment of the theory of Yin and Yang and the five elements. The mahogany furniture designed with the concept of "Tian Yuan di" has a strict scale, a circle in the line and a square in the circle. It reflects the beauty of symmetry, balance and stability, and shows the beauty of fluency and atmosphere. The Circle Chair is shaped as the upper circle and the lower circle, and the outer circle is the inner circle, which coincides with the theory of gan-kun in Chinese traditional culture. Dry for the circle of heaven, Earth for the square. The outer circle and the inner side is a kind of moral character which is advocated in Chinese traditional culture. "auspicious" implies that traditional Mahogany furniture is thick in color but not dull, colorful but not Gaudy, but designers have carved a large number of auspicious patterns on the furniture, these exquisite patterns not only play a very good decorative role, but also for the furniture added a bit blessing auspicious allegory, to meet people's spiritual needs. Including plants, objects, landscapes, animals, etc. , applied to the backplane, brackets and otheul and happy life. Carved Magpie and plum on the wardrobe, meaning "happy brow. ". Peony pattern, bamboo pattern, auspicious cloud pattern and so on in the Mahogany furniture on a large number of applications, also have an auspicious meaning in the inside. The broad and profound Chinese philosophy has given the Mahogany furniture a distinctive aesthetic feeling and quality, and even has a profound influence on the functions, decorative design and arrangement of the Mahogany furniture, interested friends can go to Hongwen Boya Rosewood Museum to experience the mystery of Chinese philosophy at close range.